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Ganesha Pancharatnam

Ganesh Chaturthi, the great Ganesha festival, also known as 'Vinayak Chaturthi' or 'Vinayaka Chavithi' is celebrated by Hindus around the world as the birthday of Lord Ganesha. Ganesha Chaturthi or Ganesha Festival is a day on which, the son of Shiva and Parvati, is believed to bestow his presence on earth for all his devotees. The festival falls in the month of Bhadrapada, generally between August and September, and lasts for 10 days.

The preparation of the festival begins much before the ten-day rite.

  • About two or three months before Ganesh Chaturthi, life-like clay models of Lord Ganesha are constructed and sold by skilled artisans. These beautiful idols depict Lord Ganesha in variuous poses, sometimes in a dancing mood, at other times with a small drum or in a simple sitting pose with one hand showering blessings on the observer. The sizes of the relatively larger ones range anywhere from 10 meters to 30 meters in height.
  • Before the puja day arrives houses are cleaned and even white washing or painting is done.
  • The place where the idol will be kept "Ganesh Mandap" or "Ganesh Pandal" are cleaned and decorated several days before the festival with coconut or banana leaves, mango leaves and with flower garlands to install Ganesha idol.
  • On the day of puja perform ritual bath in the early morning and wear new or fresh clothes and be ready to do Ganapati puja.
  • Newly molded idols of Ganesha are bought from the shops, which are there only for the festival purpose. (It is always recommended to buy or prepare eco-friendly or clay Ganesh idol.) The idols are carried with their faces covered with a saffron cloth amidst chanting and the sound of cymbals.
  • In the evening idols are placed properly at the place where the puja will be held. Adorn Ganesh idol with flower garlands and chandan (sandalwood) paste.
  • The occasion actually begins with the installation of these idols. Some of the idols are bought for individual celebrations and set up in beautifully decorated houses. But these are mostly bought by committees for public celebrations.
  • A Kalash or the pot filled with sanctified water and rice to be installed before invoking Lord Ganesha idol. The rice or water filled Kalash is also called Purna Kumbha. Kalasha Sthapana is performed before invoking Ganesh.
  • After Kalasha Sthapana, the priest, generally dressed in a red silk dhoti and shawl, performs a holy ritual known as "Pranapratishhtha" to invoke life into the statue amidst the chanting of sacred verses (mantras) or chanting Avahan mantras or just chanting 'Om Ganeshaya namaha' or other simple Ganesh stotras.
  • The ritual is followed by another one called "Shhodashopachara" (16 ways of paying tribute). Items like coconut, 21 durva (trefoil blades of grass, 21 modakas, jaggery and red flowers are offered to the deity. The statue of the Lord is anointed with a red mixture of kukum (saffron or turmeric) and chandan (sandalwood paste). All through the ceremony, Vedic hymns from the Rig Veda and the Ganapati Atharva Shirsha Upanishad as well as the "Ganesha stotra" from the Narada Purana are chanted.
  • Chant Ashtottara Shatanamavali or 108 names of Lord Ganesha. Siddhi Vinayaka Vratha Katha is recited after chanting several simple Ganesh mantras.
  • Aarti (a ritualistic puja with hymns) is performed twice a day - in the morning and in the evening.
  • People offer prasad of modaks or peras, coconut, hibiscus or any other red flower, sheaves of grass, vermilion, turmeric powder and rice. People also offer special recipes - undralla payasam, kudumulu and the recipes made of several leaves and fruits. Offer coconut and light diya or deepam and incense sticks (agarbattis).
  • Generally during Ganesh puja on Ganesh Chavithi, devotees place books, pens and other education or office material at Ganesh idol or Ganpati pandal and take them after Ganesh idol os moved. Usually, at homes, Ganesh idol is moved on the day after Ganesh Chaturthi.
  • Usually Ganesh Charturthi is celebrated for 10 days, from Bhadrapad Shudh Chaturthi to the Ananta Chaturdashi.
  • The festival comes to an end on the day of Anant Chaudashi. On this day, the idols of Ganesha are taken from various pandals, doorsteps, localities and puja rooms for a truly royal ride.

# Name of the Festivals Date
1 April Fool Day 01 April, 2017 (Saturday)
2 Odisha Day 01 April, 2017 (Saturday)
3 Bank Holiday 01 April, 2017 (Saturday)
4 Lakshmi Panchami 01 April, 2017 (Saturday)
5 Rohini Vrat 01 April, 2017 (Saturday)
6 Skanda Sashti 01 April, 2017 (Saturday)
7 Yamuna Chhath 02 April, 2017 (Sunday)
8 Navapad Oli 03 April (Monday) - 11 April, 2017 (Tuesday)
9 Masik Durgashtami 04 April, 2017 (Tuesday)
10 Ram Navami 05 April, 2017 (Wednesday)
11 Babu Jagjivan Ram Birthday 05 April, 2017 (Wednesday)
12 Kamada Ekadashi (Shukrodaya) 07 April, 2017 (Friday)
13 Vamana Dwadashi 07 April, 2017 (Friday)
14 Pradosh Vrat 08 April, 2017 (Saturday)
15 Shani Trayodashi 08 April, 2017 (Saturday)
16 Panguni Uthiram 09 April, 2017 (Sunday)
17 Mahavir Jayanti 09 April, 2017 (Sunday)
18 Purnima Upavas 10 April, 2017 (Monday)
19 Chaitra Purnima 11 April, 2017 (Tuesday)
20 Hazrat Ali’s Birthday 11 April, 2017 (Tuesday)
21 Hanuman Jatanti 11 April, 2017 (Tuesday)
22 Jallianwala Bagh Day 13 April, 2017 (Thursday)
23 Baisakhi / Vaisakhi 14 April, 2017 (Friday)
24 Rongali Bihu / Bohag Bihu / Haat Bihu 14 April (Friday) - 16 April, 2017 (Sunday)
25 Tamil New Year / Puthandu 14 April, 2017 (Friday)
26 Dr Ambedkar Jayanti / Bhim Jayanti 14 April, 2017 (Friday)
27 Vishu Festival 14 April, 2017 (Friday)
28 Sankashti Chaturthi 14 April, 2017 (Friday)
29 Solar New Year 14 April, 2017 (Friday)
30 Mesha Sankranti 14 April, 2017 (Friday)
31 Vishu Kani 14 April, 2017 (Friday)
32 Biju Festival 14 April, 2017 (Friday)
33 Good Friday 14 April, 2017 (Friday)
34 Bengali New Year / Poila Baishakh 15 April, 2017 (Saturday)
35 Easter 16 April, 2017 (Sunday)
36 World Haemophilia Day 17 April, 2017 (Monday)
37 Patriots' Day 17 April, 2017 (Monday)
38 World Heritage Day 18 April, 2017 (Tuesday)
39 Kala Ashtami, Kalashtami 19 April, 2017 (Wednesday)
40 Garia Puja 21 April, 2017 (Friday)
41 Varuthini Ekadashi 22 April, 2017 (Saturday)
42 Shri Vallabhacharya Jayanti 22 April, 2017 (Saturday)
43 Earth Day 22 April, 2017 (Saturday)
44 World Book Day / International Day of the Book 23 April, 2017 (Sunday)
45 Shab E Miraj 24 April, 2017 (Monday)
46 Pradosh Vrat 24 April, 2017 (Monday)
47 Manav Ekta Divas 24 April, 2017 (Monday)
48 Papmochani Ekadashi 24 April, 2017 (Monday)
49 Masik Shivaratri 25 April, 2017 (Tuesday)
50 Darsha Amavasya 26 April, 2017 (Wednesday)
51 Parashurama Jayanti 28 April, 2017 (Friday)
52 Varshitap Parana 28 April, 2017 (Friday)
53 Akshaya Tritiya 28 April, 2017 (Friday)
54 Matangi Jayanti 29 April, 2017 (Saturday)
55 Ramanuja Acharya Jayanti 29 April, 2017 (Saturday)
56 Basava Jayanti 29 April, 2017 (Saturday)
57 Vinayaka Chaturthi 29 April, 2017 (Saturday)
58 Rohini Vrat 29 April, 2017 (Saturday)
59 Adi Shankaracharya Jayanti 30 April, 2017 (Sunday)
60 Surdas Jayanti 30 April, 2017 (Sunday)
61 Kaila Devi Fair
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